• borst
  • lavender
  • dandelion

Lamiaceae

Basil
  • Botanical: Ocimum basilicum L.
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Known as: Basilikum, Königskraut,
  • Old Use: culinary; medicinal
  • Aroma: floral, sharp

Basil

Common or Sweet Basil which is used in medicine and also for culinary purposes, especially in France, is a hairy, labiate plant, growing about 3 feet high. The stem is obtusely quadrangular, the labiate flowers are white, in whorls in the axils of the leaves, the calyx with the upper lobe rounded and spreading. The leaves, greyish-green beneath and dotted with dark oil cells, are opposite, 1 inch long and 1/3 inch broad, stalked and peculiarly smooth, soft and cool to the touch, and if slightly bruised exale a delightful scent of cloves.

Horehound
  • Botanical: Marrubium vulgare
  • Family: Lamiaceae or Labiatae
  • Known as: white horehound, common horehound, Gewöhnlicher Andorn, Weißer Andorn, Gemeiner Andorn, Helfkraut, Weißer Dorant
  • Old Use: medical, culinary, industry
  • Aroma: sharp

Horehound

It is a grey-leaved herbaceous perennial plant, somewhat resembling mint in appearance, and grows to 25–45 centimetres (10–18 in) tall. The leaves are 2–5 cm (0.8–2.0 in) long with a densely crinkled surface, and are covered in downy hairs. The flowers are white, borne in clusters on the upper part of the main stem.

Lavender
  • Botanical: Lavendula officinalis
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Known as: Lavendel, Lavandula angustifolia,
  • Old Use: medicinal; culinary

Lavender

The genus includes annual or short-lived herbaceous perennial plants, and suffrutescent perennials, subshrubs or small shrubs.

Leaf shape is diverse across the genus. They are simple in some commonly cultivated species; in others they are pinnately toothed, or pinnate, sometimes multiple pinnate and dissected. In most species the leaves are covered in fine hairs or indumentum, which normally contain the essential oils.

Sage
  • Botanical: Salvia officinalis
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Known as: Sage, Altweiberschmecken, Edelsalbei, Echter Salbei, Garten-Salbei, Gschmackblatteln, Königssalbei, Kreuzsalbei, Muskatellerkraut, Sälvel, Salf, Salfat, Salser, Scharleikraut, Selve, Zaffe, Zuffen, Zupfblatteln
  • Old Use: culinary; medicinal
  • Aroma: herbaceius, sharp, spicy

Sage

Cultivars are quite variable in size, leaf and flower color, and foliage pattern, with many variegated leaf types. The Old World type grows to approximately 2 ft (0.61 m) tall and wide, with lavender flowers most common, though they can also be white, pink, or purple. The plant flowers in late spring or summer. The leaves are oblong, ranging in size up to 2.5 in (6.4 cm) long by 1 in (2.5 cm) wide.

Spearmint
  • Botanical: Mentha spicata
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Known as: Spear Mint, Langblättrige Minze, Rossminze, Ross-Minze, Ährige Minze, Speer-Minze
  • Old Use: culinary; medicinal
  • Aroma: fresh, minty

Spearmint

It is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant growing 30–100 cm tall, with variably hairless to hairy stems and foliage, and a wide-spreading fleshy underground rhizome. The leaves are 5–9 cm long and 1.5–3 cm broad, with a serrated margin. The stem is square-shaped, a trademark of the mint family of herbs. Spearmint produces flowers in slender spikes, each flower pink or white, 2.5–3 mm long and broad.

Thyme
  • Botanical: Thymus vulgaris
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Known as: Thyme, Thymus vulgaris, Thymiane, Quendel, Feld-Thymian, Sand-Thymian, Betony, Feldbulla, Feldkümmel, Feldpoley, Geismajoran, Geschwulstkraut, Grundling, Hollaien, Hühnerbolle, Immenkraut, Keale, Kinderkraut, Kounala, Kranzlkraut, Kudelkraut, Kückenkümmel
  • Old Use: culinary; medicinal
  • Aroma: herbaceius, spicy, warm

Thyme

Thymus is a perennial low aromatic shrub with much-branched woody stems forming dense tufts from which arise tiny, paired opposite leaves on short stalks, each with two minute leaflets at the base. The leaves are 6-8mm long, the underside covered with fine hairs. The flowers are arranged in whorls in the axils of the upper leaves, and are of a typical labiate appearance, pink to lilac in colour.