• borst
  • lavender
  • dandelion

Rubiaceae

Coffee
  • Botanical: Coffea arabica
  • Family: Rubiaceae
  • Known as: Caffea
  • Old Use: culinary; medicinal
  • Aroma: fresh, sharp

Coffee

Wild plants grow to between 9 and 12 m (29 and 39 ft) tall, and have an open branching system; the leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6–12 cm (2.4–4.8 in) long and 4–8 cm (1.6–3.2 in) broad, glossy dark green. The flowers are white, 10–15 mm in diameter and grow in axillary clusters. The fruit is a drupe (though commonly called a "cherry"; the plural form is simply "cherry" - used only when referring to the fruit of C. arabica - when referring to the actual cherry fruit, the appropriate plural is "cherries") 10–15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contains two seeds (the coffee seeds).

Gambier
  • Botanical: Uncaria gambir
  • Family: Rubiaceae
  • Known as: cutch, black cutch, cachou, cashoo, khoyer, terra Japonica, or Japan earth, and also katha in Hindi, kaath in Marathi, khoyer in Assamese and Bengali, and kachu in Malay
  • Old Use: medicine, industry

Gambier

Woody lianas; climbing by hooks formed from reduced, modified branches. Stipules entire or bifid. Inflorescence a compact head, terminal, at the ends of plagiotropic branches and their very reduced branches. Corolla lobes without appendages. Seeds with a long wing at each end, the lower wing deeply bifid.

  • Botanical: Carapichea ipecacuanha
  • Family: Rubiaceae
  • Known as: Ipecacuanha, Brechwurzel, Ruhrwurzel
  • Old Use: medical

Ipecacuanha

The plant has a slender stem which grows partly underground and is often procumbent at the base, the lower portion being knotted. Fibrous rootlets are given off from the knots, and some of them develop an abnormally thick bark, in which much starch is deposited. The thickened rootlets alone are collected and dried for medicinal use, since the active constituents of the drug are found chiefly in the bark.

Quinine
  • Botanical: Cinchona officinalis
  • Family: Rubiaceae
  • Known as: Quinine Bark tree
  • Old Use: medical

Quinine

The Cinchona plants are large shrubs or small trees with evergreen foliage, growing 5–15 m (16–49 ft) in height. The leaves are opposite, rounded to lanceolate and 10–40 cm long. The flowers are white, pink or red, produced in terminal panicles. The fruit is a small capsule containing numerous seeds.