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Camphor

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  • Botanical: Cinnamomum camphora
  • Family: Lauraceae
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Camphor

Botanical

Cinnamomum camphora

Family

Lauraceae

Known as

Camphor tree, Camphorwood, camphor laurel, Kampfer, Kampferlorbeer

Old Use

culinary; medicinal

Parts Used

bark, wood

Aroma

camphorus

Medicinal

abdominal pain, arthritis, bronchitis, back pain, bronchitis, bruises, bursitis, circulation, colds, coughs, cramps, cramps stomach, digestion, fever, gastrointestinal, knee pain, muscle pain, nausea, pain relief, rheumatism, spasm, vomiting, lumbago, osteoarthritis, stomach cramps

Heart & Circulation

circulation

Infection & Inflammation

fever

Muscle & Joints

arthritis, joint pain, knee pain, lower back pain (lumbago), muscle cramps, muscle pain, rheumatism, spasm

Respiratory System

bronchitis, cough, difficulty breathing, lung weakness

Stomach & Intestinal

bowel cleansing, constipation, diarrhea, digestion, flatulence, gastrointestinal, indigestion, nausea, vomiting

Skin & Hair

bruises

Properties

antiseptic, antispasmodic, antirheumatic, anti inflammatory, carminative, cooling, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, stomachic

Note

top

Extraction

steam distillation

Description

Cinnamomum camphora is a small, glabrous tree. Leaves alternate and penniverved with stout dormant buds enclosed in large, silky orbicular concave, imbricating caducous scales. Flowers in lax axillary, terminal panicles on the ends of the twigs, creamy white in colour, hermaphroditic, actinomorphic; ovary 1, locular; ovule 1, pendulous or basal; stamens definite, free; anthers opening by valves or slits; embryo minute.

Properties & Uses

Camphor oil has a duel action of hot and cold, which has a balancing effect on the yin and yang energies. When first applied camphor oil numbs and cools the peripheral nerve endings, then warms the painful area as it stimulates circulation to cold, stiff muscles and limbs. This analgesic effect of camphor makes it a favorite oil to be used in pain relieving massage blends for sore muscles, low back pain, and arthritic pain.

Camphor also acts as an expectorant and a febrifuge, meaning that it cools fevers and helps clear lung congestion. Camphor is a very useful ingredient in inhalations for coughs, colds and difficulties in breathing. These actions, along with camphor's anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antibacterial properties make it a very useful and popular remedy for colds, flu, and bronchitis.

Cautions

Camphor oil is powerful oil and should be used with care. 

Distribution

China, Japan, and adjacent parts of East Asia. Formosa official in the U.S.P. Dryobalanops aromatica is indigenous to Borneo and Sumatra.

Constituents

1,8-cineole, alpha-terpinene, borneol ,camphor, carvacrol, caryophyllene, citronellol, eugenol , geraniol, kaempferol, limonene, p-cymene ,safrole, vanillin

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.