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Cascarilla

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  • Botanical: Croton eluteria
  • Family: Euphorbiaceae
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Cascarilla

Botanical

Croton eluteria

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Known as

Croton eluteria bennet, Kaskarillabaum, cascarilla, cascarilha, amber kabug, sweet bark, sweet wood bark

Old Use

medical

Parts Used

bark

Medicinal

abdominal pain, coughs, cramps, diarrhea, digestion, fever, flatulence, gastritis, gastrointestinal, stomach pain, spasm

Heart & Circulation

high blood pressure

Infection & Inflammation

fever

Respiratory System

cough

Stomach & Intestinal

abdominal pain, diarrhea, digestion, flatulence, gastritis, gastrointestinal, heartburn

Properties

antispasmodic, antipyretic, anti inflammatory, carminative, depurative, hypotensive, relaxant

Description

It grows to be a small tree or tall shrub (about 20 feet), rarely reaching 20 feet in height.

Leaves scanty, alternate, ovate-lanceolate, averaging 2 inches long, closely scaled below, giving a metallic silver-bronze appearance, with scattered white scales above.

The flowers are small, with white petals, and very fragrant, appearing in March and April.

The scented bark is fissured, pale yellowish brown, and may be covered in lichen.

Properties & Uses

Cascarilla has a very long history of traditional herbal medicine use worldwide. It has long been used as a digestive aid, to stimulate digestion and digestive juices, for nausea and vomiting, and as a general bitter digestive tonic.

The bark is prepared as a decoction and utilized for all types of digestive complaints, feverish conditions, anemia, hemorrhoids and high blood pressure. It is also recommended for diarrhea, dysentery, dyspepsia, intermittent and low fevers, intestinal bloating and gas, colic, nausea, an overall tonic during convalescence, and as an expectorant for chronic bronchitis.

Cautions

There isn't enough information to know if cascarilla is safe or what the possible side effects might be.

Distribution

Croton eluteria occurs throughout the islands of the Bahamas, the Caribbean region, Mexico and South America. It has been transported to Nigerai where it is cultivated for bark production.

Constituents

Cascarilla contains 1.5 to 3% volatle oils, a bitter compound called cascarillin A, resins, tannin, lipids, and several neoclerodane diterpenoids called cascarillins. Other compounds found in the bark include: alpha-calacorene, alpha-copaene, alpha-pinene, alpha-thujene, beta-caryophyllene, beta-elemene, beta-pinene, betaine, borneol, calamenene, camphene, cascarilladiene, cascarillic-acid, cascarillidone, cascarillin A thru D, cascarillone, cineole, cuparene, cuparophenol, d-limonene, dipentene, EO, eluterins A thru J, eugenol, euparophenol, gamma-terpinene, gamma-terpineol, lignin, linalool, methylthymol, myrcene, p-cymene, pectic-acid, terpinen-4-OL, and vanillin.

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.