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Clove

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  • Botanical: Syzygium aromaticum, Caryophyllus aromaticus
  • Family: Myrtaceae
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Clove

Botanical

Syzygium aromaticum, Caryophyllus aromaticus

Family

Myrtaceae

Known as

Cloves, Gewürznelken, Negelken, Nägelein

Old Use

culinary; medicinal

Parts Used

bulbs

Aroma

spicy, smoky, sweet

Medicinal

abdominal pain, anorexia, bowel cleansing, bladder disease, constipation, cramps, cramps stomach, cystitis, diabetes, digestion, flatulence, gastritis, gastrointestinal, hemorrhoids, high blood preasure, laxative, indigestion, insect bites, pain relief, toothache, glucose lowering, stomach cramps

Heart & Circulation

vascular

Stomach & Intestinal

abdominal pain, bowel cleansing, cystitis, diarrhea, digestion, gastritis, gastrointestinal, glucose lowering, gastric inflammation, laxative, indigestion, intestinal inflammation, nausea, vomiting

Properties

analgesic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, digestive, fungicide

Note

middle

Extraction

steam distillation

Description

The clove tree is an evergreen that grows up to 8–12 m tall, with large leaves and sanguine flowers grouped in terminal clusters. The flower buds initially have a pale hue, gradually turn green, then transition to a bright red when ready for harvest. Cloves are harvested at 1.5–2.0 cm long, and consist of a long calyx that terminates in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals that form a small central ball.

Properties & Uses

Premature ejaculation when applied directly to the skin of the penis in combination with other medicines. 

Toothache. Clove oil and eugenol, one of the chemicals it contains, have long been used topically for toothache, but the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has reclassified eugenol, downgrading its effectiveness rating. The FDA now believes there isn’t enough evidence to rate eugenol as effective for toothache pain.
“Dry socket” following tooth extraction.
Vomiting.
Upset stomach.
Nausea.
Gas (flatulence).
Diarrhea.
Hernia.
Pain and swelling (inflammation) of the mouth and throat.
Cough.

Cautions

Clove seems safe for most people when taken in food amounts, but not enough is known about the safety of taking clove by mouth in larger medicinal amounts. Children should not take clove oil by mouth. It can cause serious health problems.

Clove oil seems to be safe when applied to the skin. However, frequent and repeated application of clove oil in the mouth or on the gums can sometimes cause damage to the gums, tooth pulp, skin, and mucous membranes.

Inhaling smoke from clove cigarettes is unsafe and can cause side effects such as breathing problems and lung infections.

Dried clove can also cause mouth sensitivity and irritation, as well as damage to dental tissues.

Clove oil is unsafe to inject into the veins. It can cause severe breathing problems and lung damage.
Special Precautions & Warnings:
Children: In children, clove oil is UNSAFE to take by mouth. It can cause severe side effects such as seizures, liver damage, and fluid imbalances.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Clove seems to be safe when taken by mouth in food amounts. But pregnant or breast-feeding women should not take clove in medicinal doses. Not enough is known about the safety of using these larger amounts.

Bleeding disorders: Clove oil contains a chemical called eugenol that seems to slow blood clotting. There is a concern that taking clove oil might cause bleeding in people with bleeding disorders.

Surgery: Clove seems to be able to slow blood clotting, so there is a concern that it might cause bleeding during or after surgery. Stop using clove at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Distribution

Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Pemba Island,Tanzania.

Constituents

acetyl eugenol, beta-caryophyllene and vanillin, crategolic acid, tannins such as bicornin, gallotannic acid, methyl salicylate (painkiller), the flavonoids eugenin, kaempferol, rhamnetin, and eugenitin, triterpenoids such as oleanolic acid, stigmasterol, and campesterol, and several sesquiterpenes

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.