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Coconut

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  • Botanical: Cocos nucifera
  • Family: Arecaceae
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Coconut

Botanical

Cocos nucifera

Family

Arecaceae

Known as

Cocoanut, Coconut Palm,

Parts Used

flowers, fruit

Aroma

exotic

Medicinal

abscess, abdominal pain, antiseptic, arteriosclerosis, asthma, arthritis, athlete's foot, bronchitis, bone weakness, bladder disease, blood cleansing, bronchitis, cancer, cholesterol lowering, circulation, constipation, coughs, cramps, diabetes, dropsy, dry skin, eczema, liver weakness, immunity, indigestion, infections, infections intestinal, intestinal parasites, respiratory, sleep, stress relief, swollen feet, osteoporosis, ulcers, vascular, weakness, worm, erysipelas, gynecological issues, glucose lowering, hyperthyroidism, tapeworms

Heart & Circulation

blood cleansing, circulation, dropsy (edema), edema, swollen feet

Hormone & Sexual Organs

cramps, gynecological issues

Infection & Inflammation

fever, flu, infections, infections intestinal, mouth inflammation, swollen feet, throat infections

Muscle & Joints

bone weakness, osteoporosis

Mind & Nerves

anxiety, fatigue (exhaustion)

Respiratory System

bronchitis, colds, cough, difficulty breathing

Stomach & Intestinal

bladder disease, cancer, diabetes, diarrhea, digestion, flatulence, glucose lowering, laxative, tapeworms, worm

Skin & Hair

athlete's foot, dermatitis, dry skin, eczema

Properties

antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, anti inflammatory, cholagogue, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, hepatic

Description

Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (98 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. Coconuts are generally classified into two general types: tall and dwarf. On very fertile land, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30, mainly due to poor cultural practices. In recent years, improvements in cultivation practices and breeding have produced coconut trees that can yield more.

Botanically, the coconut fruit is a drupe, not a true nut. Like other fruits, it has three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp, and endocarp. The exocarp and mesocarp make up the "husk" of the coconut. Coconuts sold in the shops of nontropical countries often have had the exocarp (outermost layer) removed.

The mesocarp is composed of a fiber, called coir, which has many traditional and commercial uses. The shell has three germination pores (stoma) or "eyes" that are clearly visible on its outside surface once the husk is removed.

A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.44 kg (3.2 lb). It takes around 6,000 full-grown coconuts to produce a tonne of copra.

Properties & Uses

Kills viruses that cause influenza, herpes, measles, hepatitis C, SARS, AIDS, and other illnesses.
Kills bacteria that cause ulcers, throat infections, urinary tract infections, gum disease and cavities, pneumonia, and gonorrhea, and other diseases.
Kills fungi and yeasts that cause candidiasis, ringworm, athlete's foot, thrush, diaper rash, and other infections.
Expels or kills tapeworms, lice, giardia, and other parasites.
Provides a nutritional source of quick energy.
Boosts energy and endurance, enhancing physical and athletic performance.
Improves digestion and absorption of other nutrients including vitamins, minerals, and amino acids.
Improves insulin secretion and utilization of blood glucose.
Relieves stress on pancreas and enzyme systems of the body.
Reduces symptoms associated with pancreatitis.
Helps relieve symptoms and reduce health risks associated with diabetes.
Reduces problems associated with malabsorption syndrome and cystic fibrosis.
Improves calcium and magnesium absorption and supports the development of strong bones and teeth.
Helps protect against osteoporosis.
Helps relieve symptoms associated with gallbladder disease.
Relieves symptoms associated with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and stomach ulcers.
Improves digestion and bowel function.
Relieves pain and irritation caused by hemorrhoids.
Reduces inflammation.
Supports tissue healing and repair.
Supports and aids immune system function.
Helps protect the body from breast, colon, and other cancers.
Is heart healthy; improves cholesterol ratio reducing risk of heart disease.
Protects arteries from injury that causes atherosclerosis and thus protects against heart disease.
Helps prevent periodontal disease and tooth decay.
Functions as a protective antioxidant.
Helps to protect the body from harmful free radicals that promote premature aging and degenerative disease.
Does not deplete the body's antioxidant reserves like other oils do.
Improves utilization of essential fatty acids and protects them from oxidation.
Helps relieve symptoms associated with chronic fatigue syndrome.
Relieves symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (prostate enlargement).
Reduces epileptic seizures.
Helps protect against kidney disease and bladder infections.
Dissolves kidney stones.
Helps prevent liver disease.
Is lower in calories than all other fats.
Supports thyroid function.
Promotes loss of excess weight by increasing metabolic rate.
Is utilized by the body to produce energy in preference to being stored as body fat like other dietary fats.
Helps prevent obesity and overweight problems.
Applied topically helps to form a chemical barrier on the skin to ward of infection.
Reduces symptoms associated the psoriasis, eczema, and dermatitis.
Supports the natural chemical balance of the skin.
Softens skin and helps relieve dryness and flaking.
Prevents wrinkles, sagging skin, and age spots.
Promotes healthy looking hair and complexion.
Provides protection from damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
Helps control dandruff.
Does not form harmful by-products when heated to normal cooking temperature like other vegetable oils do.
Has no harmful or discomforting side effects.
Is completely non-toxic to humans.

Cautions

none known

Distribution

Now pantropical, especially along tropical shorelines, where floating coconuts may volunteer, the coconut's origin is shrowded in mysteries, vigorously debated. According to Purseglove (1968-1972), the center of origin of cocoid palms most closely related to coconut is in northwestern South America. At the time of the discovery of the New World, coconuts (as we know them today) were confined to limited areas on the Pacific coast of Central America, and absent from the Atlantic shores of the Americas and Africa. Coconuts drifted as far north as Norway are still capable of germination. The wide distribution of coconut has no doubt been aided by man and marine currents as well.