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Coffee

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  • Botanical: Coffea arabica
  • Family: Rubiaceae
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Coffee

Botanical

Coffea arabica

Family

Rubiaceae

Known as

Caffea

Old Use

culinary; medicinal

Parts Used

fruit, seed

Aroma

fresh, sharp

Medicinal

depression, fever, flatulence, low blood pressure, menstrual cramps, menstruation promotion, nausea, pain relief, respiratory, weakness

Hormone & Sexual Organs

menstrual cramps

Mind & Nerves

depression, fatigue (exhaustion), headache, loss of appetite, pain relief, weakness

Respiratory System

asthma

Stomach & Intestinal

laxative

Properties

stimulant

Note

middle

Extraction

cold pressed

Description

Wild plants grow to between 9 and 12 m (29 and 39 ft) tall, and have an open branching system; the leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6–12 cm (2.4–4.8 in) long and 4–8 cm (1.6–3.2 in) broad, glossy dark green. The flowers are white, 10–15 mm in diameter and grow in axillary clusters. The fruit is a drupe (though commonly called a "cherry"; the plural form is simply "cherry" - used only when referring to the fruit of C. arabica - when referring to the actual cherry fruit, the appropriate plural is "cherries") 10–15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contains two seeds (the coffee seeds).

Properties & Uses

An active brain stimulant, which produces sleeplessness, hence its great value in narcotic poisoning; in acute cases is injected into the rectum. Very valuable in cases of snake-bite, helping to ward off the terrible coma. It also exerts a soothing action on the vascular system, preventing a too rapid wasting of the tissues of the body; these effects are not only due to the volatile oil but to the caffeine it contains. The Malays infuse the leaves, which contain even more caffeine than the berries. Caffeine is valuable for heart disease, ascites and pleuritic effusion and combines well with digitalis; also valuable in cases of inebrity; is a powerful diuretic, but loses its effect with use.

Cautions

 There is a wealth of information concerning the likely health issues associated with coffee drinking, although recent research shows that there are many positive health benefits from consumption in moderation. Much research is being undertaken to investigate the numerous compounds found in coffee and how these affect quality and human health.

Distribution

South-west point of Abyssinia. and cultivated throughout the tropics.

Constituents

Oil, wax, caffeine, aromatic oil, tannic acid, caffetannic acid, gum, sugar, protein.

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.