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Cubeb

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  • Botanical: Piper cubeba
  • Family: Piperaceae
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Cubeb

Botanical

Piper cubeba

Family

Piperaceae

Known as

Tailed Pepper, Shital Chini, Kabab Chini, Java Pepper, Kubeben Pfeffer, Schwanz Pfeffer

Parts Used

fruit, seed

Medicinal

bronchitis, bladder disease, bladder stones, bladder weakness, bronchitis, coughs, cystitis, dizziness, headache, gynecological issues

Hormone & Sexual Organs

gynecological issues

Respiratory System

cough

Properties

antiseptic, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant

Description

Cubeb (Piper cubeba) is a plant in genus Piper, cultivated for its fruit and essential oil.

The fruits are gathered before they are ripe, and carefully dried.

Commercial cubebs consist of the dried berries, similar in appearance to black pepper, but with stalks attached – the "tails" in "tailed pepper".

The dried pericarp is wrinkled, and its color ranges from grayish-brown to black.

The seed is hard, white and oily. 

Properties & Uses

These berries are promptly and diffusely stimulant, especially influencing the kidneys and bladder. They are principally employed in gleet and sub-acute gonorrhea, but should never be used in the inflammatory stage of these or any other maladies. From their warming action, they have been used in atonic dyspepsia, but mostly as a stomachic with true tonics, and their use in gonorrhea is as valuable for covering the disagreeable taste of copaiva, as for their action on the kidneys. Large doses are said to produce headache and dizziness, probably from the augmented cerebral circulation. Berry is considered a carminative, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, and antiseptic. Cubeb Berry has been shown to be effective in easing the symptoms of chronic bronchitis. It is also used for digestive ailments and is effective in treating dysentery. Cubeb Berry also has a local stimulating effect on the mucous membranes of the urinary and respiratory tracts. The herb has often been associated with the reproductive system and has been used to treat cystitis, leucorrhea, urethritis and prostate infections. Cubeb oil is effective against influenza virus and Bacillus typhosus. It is good stimulant of the body organs due to presence of astringent and bitter taste.

Cautions

cytotoxic

Distribution

Native of india and cultivated in southern region

Constituents

The dried cubeb berries contain essential oil consisting monoterpenes (sabinene 50%, α-thujene, and carene) and sesquiterpenes (caryophyllene, copaene, α- and β-cubebene, δ-cadinene, germacrene), the oxides 1,4- and 1,8-cineole and the alcohol cubebol. About 15% of a volatile oil is obtained by distilling cubebs with water. Cubebene, the liquid portion, has the formula C15H24. It is a pale green or blue-yellow viscous liquid with a warm woody, slightly camphoraceous odor. After rectification with water, or on keeping, this deposits rhombic crystals of camphor of cubebs. Cubebin (C10H10O3) is a crystalline substance existing in cubebs, discovered by Eugène Soubeiran and Capitaine in 1839. It may be prepared from cubebene, or from the pulp left after the distillation of the oil. The drug, along with gum, fatty oils, and malates of magnesium and calcium, contains also about 1% of cubebic acid, and about 6% of a resin. 

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.