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Hogs Fennel

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  • Botanical: Peucedanum officinale
  • Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
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Hogs Fennel

Botanical

Peucedanum officinale

Family

Apiaceae or Umbelliferae

Known as

Dorema ammoniacum, Hog's Fennel, Sulphurweed, Hoar Strange, Hoar Strong, Brimstonewort, Sulphurwort, Echter Haarstrang, Arznei-Haarstrang

Old Use

medical

Collection Times

Jul to September (spring or autumn)

Parts Used

herb

Medicinal

bronchitis, bronchitis, fever, menstrual cramps, menstruation promotion, menstrual problems, respiratory, sore throat, spasm

Hormone & Sexual Organs

cramps, menstrual cramps, menstruation promotion, menstrual problems

Infection & Inflammation

fever

Respiratory System

bronchitis, catarrh, cough, respiratory

Stomach & Intestinal

flatulence

Properties

antispasmodic, diaphoretic, diuretic

Description

It grows to a height of 3 or 4 feet, and is remarkable for its large umbels of yellow flowers, which are in bloom from July to September. Its leaves are cut into long narrow segments, hence perhaps its popular name of Hog's Fennel. The thick root has a strong odour of sulphur - hence one of the other popular names of the plant, Sulphurwort, and when wounded in the spring, yields a considerable quantity of a yellowish-green juice, which dries into a gummy resin and retains the strong scent of the root.

Properties & Uses

The plant is anodyne, antispasmodic, aperient, diaphoretic, diuretic and pectoral. An infusion is used in the treatment of coughs, bronchial catarrh etc. The root is mainly used, it is harvested in the spring or autumn and dried for later use. A homeopathic remedy is made from the roots. It is used in the treatment of bronchial catarrh, coughs, intermittent fevers and to stimulate menstrual flow.

Other Uses

Yields a gum, similar to 'Gum Ammoniac' (which is obtained from Ferula communis). The root is wounded in the spring and then yields a considerable quantity of a yellowish-green juice which dries into a gummy resin and retains the strong sulphur-like smell of the plant. The gum of Ferula communis is used as an incense and also has medicinal value

Cautions

Skin contact with the sap of this plant is said to cause photo-sensitivity and/or dermatitis in some people. It is also said to contain the alleged 'psychotroph' myristicine

Distribution

Europe, including Britain, from Germany south and east to Portugal, central Russia and the Balkans

Constituents

fenchone, (E)-β-ocimene, β-pinene

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.