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Jalape

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  • Botanical: Ipomoea purga
  • Family: Convolvulaceae
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Jalape

Botanical

Ipomoea purga

Family

Convolvulaceae

Known as

Mexikanische Purgierwinde

Old Use

medical

Parts Used

resin, roots

Medicinal

abdominal pain, bowel cleansing, constipation, cramps, gastrointestinal

Stomach & Intestinal

constipation, digestion, gastrointestinal, laxative

Properties

carminative

Description

Ipomoea purga is described as a vine that can reach heights of 12 feet. When fresh, the root is black externally, white and milky within, and varies in size according to its age. It has heart shaped flowers and purple trumpet like leaves. Ipomoea purga is rather difficult to break down, but if triturated with cream of tartar, sugar of milk, or other hard salts, the process of pulverization is much easier, and the powder rendered much finer. When in powder form in order to ingest, the color is a pale grayish-brown

Properties & Uses

The drug Jalap is prepared from a resin which abounds in the roots. It has a slight smoky odour and the taste is unpleasant, followed by pungent acridity. It has strong cathartic and purgative action, and is used in constipation, pain and colic in the bowels and general intestinal torpor, being combined, in compound powder, with other laxatives, and with carminatives such as ginger, cloves, etc. It accelerates the action of rhubarb.

Jalap forms a safe purge for children, being given in sugar or jam to disguise the taste, and has been used thus with calomel or wormwood as a vermifuge. It proves an excellent purge in rheumatism.

Cautions

Digestive tract problems, such as ulcers, Crohn's disease, or other conditions: It’s especially important to avoid jalap if you have one of these conditions. Jalap can irritate the digestive tract and make your condition worse.

Symptoms of appendicitis (abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting): Stimulant laxatives such as jalap can cause harm if you have appendicitis.

Distribution

The Jalap Bindweed (C. Jalapa, Linn.), but more often called Ipomea Jalapa or purga, is a native of South America and Mexico. It derives its name from Xalapa, in Mexico, where it is very abundant. It is freely grown out of doors, however, in the southern countries of Europe, and plants have been grown here in the garden of the Society of Apothecaries and also in Norfolk and Hampshire.

Constituents

convulvin (55%) jalapin (7%), glycoretines, starch

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.