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Linden

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  • Botanical: Tilia
  • Family: Malvaceae, Tiliaceae
  • Hits: 4141
Linden

Botanical

Tilia

Family

Malvaceae, Tiliaceae

Known as

Lime Tree, Bee Tree, tilia grandifolia, tilia cordata, Linden, Sommerlinde, Grossblättrige Linde, Winterlinde, Stein-Linde, Kleinblättrige Linde

Old Use

medicinal

Parts Used

bark, flowers, leaves, seed

Aroma

citrus, forest, warm

Medicinal

anxiety, anorexia, boils, blood cleansing, colds, constipation, coughs, cystitis, dropsy, fever, flu, headache, heartburn, high blood preasure, insomnia, migraine, restlessness, rheumatism, sleep, stress relief, wrinkles, wounds, glucose lowering

Heart & Circulation

blood cleansing, dropsy (edema), high blood pressure

Infection & Inflammation

fever, flu

Muscle & Joints

lower back pain (lumbago), rheumatism

Mind & Nerves

anxiety, headache, insomnia, irritability, loss of appetite, migraine, nervousness, obesity, restlessness, sciatica, sleep, stress relief

Respiratory System

colds, cough

Stomach & Intestinal

constipation, cystitis, heartburn, intestinal inflammation

Skin & Hair

boils, wrinkles, wounds

Properties

antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, anti inflammatory, diuretic, expectorant, relaxant

Description

It is a large tree attaining a height of from 60 to 125 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 to 5 feet, with spreading branches. The somewhat leathery leaves are pointed at the apex, heart-shaped at the base, with sharply toothed margins and are borne on stems about 1 or 2 inches long. The flowers are produced in great abundance from May to June in drooping clusters composed of from 6 to 20 yellowish, very fragrant flowers.

At the base of each cluster and grown to its stalk is a leaflike bract 2 to 4 inches in length. The roundish, grayish-green fruit is dry and woody and contains one or two seeds.

Properties & Uses

The fragrant, yellowish flowers of the Linden tree have been used since the Middle Ages to promote perspiration to break fevers and as a gentle sedative to calm nervous anxiety and insomnia. Linden flower tea is better known in Europe than here in North America though Native Americans used linden for colds, fevers and nervous headaches - much the same purposes as modern herbalists do today. You will find linden often combined with yarrow flowers and sage in cold remedies. Linden is considered by many to be one of the best herbs to treat hypertension, second only to hawthorn. 

Cautions

none known

Distribution

throughout trees are native for most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, the genus occurs in Europe and eastern North America, but the greatest species diversity is found in Asia.

Constituents

essential oil, farnesol, saponins, flavone glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, tannic acid, mucus