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Matico

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  • Botanical: Piper aduncum
  • Family: Piperaceae
  • Hits: 609

Botanical

Piper aduncum

Family

Piperaceae

Known as

Higuillo de hoja menuda, Gebogener Pfeffer

Old Use

medical, culinary

Parts Used

leaves

Aroma

spicy

Medicinal

abdominal pain, antiseptic, bowel cleansing, bleeding, bruises, burns, cancer, diarrhea, digestion, flatulence, gastritis, gastrointestinal, stomach cramps, stomatitis

Heart & Circulation

bleeding

Hormone & Sexual Organs

uterine bleeding

Infection & Inflammation

gingivitis, infections intestinal, mouth inflammation, mouth sores, skin inflammation, toothache

Stomach & Intestinal

abdominal pain, cancer, cancer prevention, diabetes, diarrhea, digestion, flatulence, gastrointestinal, gastric inflammation, intestinal inflammation, stomach pain, stomach cramps, stomach complaints, stomach weakness, stomatitis, ulcers

Skin & Hair

boils, bruises, burns, dermatitis, insect bites, skin damage, skin rashes, open sores, wounds

Properties

analgesic, antibacterial, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, digestive

Description

Matico is a tropical, evergreen, shrubby tree that grows to the height of 6 to 7 meter (20 to 23 ft) with lance-shaped leaves that are 12 to 20 centimeter (5 to 8 in) long. 

Properties & Uses

Styptic properties (due to the volatile oil), arresting hemorrhages, as a local application to ulcers, in genito-urinary complaints, diarrhea, dysentery, aphrodisiac.

Effective as a topical application to slight wounds, bites of leeches.

The essential oil of Piper angustifolium (Camphor and camphene are the main constituents) exhibits bacteriostatic and fungistatic activities against Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, an Escherichia coli.

Remedy for digestive disorders such as stomachaches, vomiting, dyspepsia, diarrhea, gastric ulcers, intestinal gas and even a remedy for all types of digestive disorders such as stomachaches, vomiting, dyspepsia, diarrhea, gastric ulcers and intestinal gas and even stomach cancer. Used in traditional medicine in the Amazon rainforest as a remedy for all types of digestive disorders. Externally, Matico is used for wounds and cuts to stop the bleeding.

Cautions

none known

Distribution

It is grown in tropical Asia, Polynesia, and Melanesia and can even be found in Florida, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. In some countries Matico is considered as an invasive weed. In parts of New Guinea, although Matico is notorious for drying out the soil in the areas where it is invasive, the wood of this plant is nonetheless used by local residents for a myriad of uses such as for fuel and fence posts.

Constituents

dill apiole (43.3 %), β-caryophyllene (8.2 %), piperitione (6.7 %) and α-humulene (5.1 %), gibbilimbols A-D (74.2 %),  terpenes camphene (13.6 %), α-pinene (6.5 %).

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.