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Chamomile German

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  • Botanical: Matricaria recutita
  • Family: Asteraceae
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Chamomile German

Botanical

Matricaria recutita

Family

Asteraceae

Known as

Chamomile, Kamille, Matricaria chamomilla, German chamomile

Collection Times

May to June (During Sun)

Parts Used

flowers, leaves

Medicinal

acne, anxiety, asthma, arthritis, boils, blood forming, constipation, cramps, cramps stomach, cystitis, dermatitis, diarrhea, digestion, fever, flatulence, headache, herpes, liver weakness, immunity, indigestion, insomnia, kidney weakness, menopausal symptom, migraine, neuralgia, nervousness, pain relief, perspiration, psoriasis, rheumatism, stress relief, toothache, wounds, worm

Heart & Circulation

blood forming

Hormone & Sexual Organs

cramps, herpes, menopausal symptom

Infection & Inflammation

fever, immunity, toothache

Muscle & Joints

arthritis, rheumatism

Mind & Nerves

insomnia, migraine, neuralgia, nervousness, pain relief, stress relief

Respiratory System

asthma

Stomach & Intestinal

constipation, cystitis, diarrhea, digestion, flatulence, liver weakness, indigestion, kidney weakness, stomach cramps, worm

Skin & Hair

acne, boils, dermatitis, perspiration (sweating), psoriasis, wounds

Properties

analgesic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, antidepressant, anti inflammatory, carminative, cholagogue, diuretic, fungicide

Note

middle

Extraction

steam distillation

Description

M. chamomilla has a branched, erect and smooth stem, which grows to a height of 15–60 cm (6-24inches). The long and narrow leaves are bipinnate or tripinnate.

The flowers are borne in paniculate flower heads (capitula). The white ray florets are furnished with a ligule, while the disc florets are yellow. The hollow receptacle is swollen and lacks scales. This property distinguishes German chamomile from corn chamomile (Anthemis arvensis), which has a receptacle with scales.

Properties & Uses

German chamomile is used for intestinal gas, travel sickness, stuffy nose, hay fever, nervous diarrhea, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), fibromyalgia, restlessness, and trouble sleeping. It is also used for digestive system disorders, stomach ulcers, colic, and menstrual cramps.

Some people apply German chamomile directly to the skin for hemorrhoids; breast soreness; leg ulcers; allergic skin irritation; and bacterial skin diseases, including those of the mouth and gums. It is also used on the skin for treating or preventing damage to the inside of the mouth caused by chemotherapy or radiation; and to treat skin breakdown around colostomy appliances.

A form of German chamomile that can be inhaled is used to treat inflammation (swelling) and irritation of the respiratory tract.

In foods and beverages, German chamomile is used as flavoring.

In manufacturing, German chamomile is used in cosmetics, soaps, and mouthwashes.

Cautions

Allergic reactions (tongue thickening, tightness in the throat,swelling of the lips, throat and eyes, itching over the body) have been reported with German chamomile but are infrequent. Patients with severe allergic responses to ragweed (ragwort) should be warned about the possible cross-sensitivity to chamomile and other members of the Asteraceae/Compositae family (e.g. echinacea, feverfew, milk thistle).

Distribution

Europe, including Britain, east to W. Asia and the Himalayas.

Constituents

alpha-bisabolol, bisbolol-oxides A and B, and farnesene, sesquiterpenelactones (including the blue compound chamazulene), acetylene derivatives. 
Phenolic compounds found in the flowers include hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives, caffeic acid, and flavonoids (apigenin, luteolin, and chamaemeloside). 

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.