• borst
  • lavender
  • dandelion

Mustard White

0.0/5 rating (0 votes)
  • Botanical: Sinapis alba
  • Family: Brassicaceae
  • Hits: 2728
Mustard White

Botanical

Sinapis alba

Family

Brassicaceae

Known as

White Mustard, Sinapis alba, Yellow Mustard, Brassica alba, B. hirta, Weisser Senf, Gelbsenf, Weißsenf, Gartensenf, Mostardkorn, Mostert, Senfsaat

Old Use

cooking and medicinal use

Collection Times

July to September

Parts Used

leaves, seed

Medicinal

antiseptic, anorexia, bronchitis, back pain, bile weakness, bronchitis, bruises, circulation, colds, constipation, flatulence, gout, hay fever, headache, low blood pressure, indigestion, neuritis, pain relief, rheumatism, sore throat, edema, hay fever, lichens, lumbago, sciatica

Infection & Inflammation

fever, infections

Muscle & Joints

arthritis

Mind & Nerves

sciatica

Respiratory System

bronchitis, cough, respiratory, throat infections

Stomach & Intestinal

digestion, gastrointestinal, indigestion

Skin & Hair

acne

Properties

analgesic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, fungicide, stimulant

Description

It is an erect annual, 3 feet or more in height, with smaller flowers than the White Mustard. The spear-shaped, upper leaves, linear, pointed, entire and smooth, and the shortly-beaked pods, readily distinguish it from the former species. The smooth, erect flattened pods, each provided with a short slender beak, contain about ten to twelve dark reddish-brown or black seeds, which are collected when ripe and dried.

They are about half the size of White Mustard seeds, but possess similar properties. The seedcoat is thin and brittle and covered with minute pits. Like the White Mustard, the seeds are inodorous, even when powdered, though a pungent odour is noticeable when moistened with water, owing to the formation of volatile oil of Mustard, which is colourless or pale yellow, with an intensely penetrating odour and a very acrid taste.

Properties & Uses

The seed contains up to 35% of a semi-drying oil. It is used as a lubricant and for lighting etc. The plant can be grown as a green manure crop. It is very fast growing, producing a good bulk in just a few weeks from seed, but it is shallow rooted so does not do so well in dry periods. It is also susceptible to all the diseases of the cabbage family such as club-root so is best avoided if this is likely to be a problem

Traditional Use

The seed is antibacterial, antifungal, appetizer, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emetic, expectorant, rubefacient and stimulant. The seed has a cathartic action due to hydrolytic liberation of hydrogen sulphide. In China it is used in the treatment of coughs with profuse phlegm and tuberculosis, pleurisy. The seed is seldom used internally as a medicine in the west. Externally it is usually made into mustard plasters (using the ground seed), poultices or added to the bath water. It is used in the treatment of respiratory infections, arthritic joints, chilblains and skin eruptions etc. At a ratio of 1:3, the seed has an inhibitory action on the growth of fungus. Care should be exercised in using this remedy because the seed contains substances that are extremely irritant to the skin and mucous membranes. The leaves are carminative

Cautions

The seed contains substances that irritate the skin and mucous membranes. The plant is possibly poisonous once the seedpods have formed. Mustard allergy possibly especially in children and adolescents. Retention of seeds possibly in intestines if taken internally 

Distribution

Europe - Mediterranean. Naturalized in Britain

Constituents

Mustard oil, mustard oil glycosides, essential oils, sinigrin, vitamin C, histidine, mucus, sinapine, tryptophan, zinc