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Peppermint

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  • Botanical: Mentha piperita
  • Family: Labiatae
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Peppermint

Botanical

Mentha piperita

Family

Labiatae

Known as

Mint, Mentha arvensis, Mentha aquatica, Mentha X piperita, Aderminze, Balsam, Edelminze, Englische Minze, Gartenminze, Peperminte, Schmeckerts, Teeminze

Collection Times

in early summer before flowering

Parts Used

herb

Aroma

clean, fresh, minty, sweet

Medicinal

anxiety, colds, cramps stomach, diarrhea, flatulence, flu, headache, indigestion, insomnia, kidney weakness, menopausal symptom, migraine, nausea, neuralgia, rheumatism, stomach pain

Properties

analgesic, antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti inflammatory, cholagogue

Note

top

Extraction

steam distillation

Description

It is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant growing to 30–90 cm (12–35 in) tall, with smooth stems, square in cross section. The rhizomes are wide-spreading, fleshy, and bare fibrous roots. The leaves are from 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) long and 1.5–4 cm (0.59–1.57 in) broad, dark green with reddish veins, and with an acute apex and coarsely toothed margins. The leaves and stems are usually slightly fuzzy. The flowers are purple, 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) long, with a four-lobed corolla about 5 mm (0.20 in) diameter; they are produced in whorls (verticillasters) around the stem, forming thick, blunt spikes.

Flowering is from mid to late summer. The chromosome number is variable, with 2n counts of 66, 72, 84, and 120 recorded. Peppermint is a fast growing plant once it sprouts, it spreads very quickly.

Properties & Uses

As a medicinal herb, peppermint is used especially as a tea infusion for colic and cardialgia to comment on aromatic herbs, compresses and baths. Because of their bitter tannins and the peppermint helps with the most stomach and intestinal complaints very quickly.

Cautions

Avoid use during pregnancy.

Distribution

There are numerous wild mint species that are native to Europe. For example, field mint and the mint Bach. The extra healing peppermint (Mentha x piperita) is cultivated only as a cultivated plant.

It is to the end of the 17th Century have turned up on an English mint box for the first time as a cultural form of brook mint (M. aquatica) and forest mint (M. spicata). These cultivated "precious mint also grows in India, China and Japan, and North and South America.

Peppermint grows wild in England, also in southern Germany and is widely cultivated, especially in Mitcham in Surrey, in Michigan and New York, in Germany, particularly in the town of Eichenau near Munich, where there is also the only mint museum, and in the eastern Thuringia Basin.

There is a railway line from Straußfurt to United herring, with the name of peppermint train as it passes through vast fields peppermint.

Constituents

Peppermint has a high menthol content. The oil also contains menthone and menthyl esters, particularly menthyl acetate. Dried peppermint typically has 0.3-0.4% of volatile oil containing menthol (7-48%), menthone (20-46%), menthyl acetate (3-10%), menthofuran (1-17%) and 1,8-cineol (3-6%). Peppermint oil also contains small amounts of many additional compounds including limonene, pulegone, caryophyllene and pinene

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.