- Botanical: Myroxylon balsamum
- Family: Fabaceae
- Hits: 3761
Known asPeru Balsam, Tolu Balsam, Myroxylon balsamum, Balsam of Tolu, Balsam of Peru, Myroxylon, Perubalsam, Balsambäume, Cabreúva, Cabreuva, Myrocarpus fastigiatus, Quina, Balsamo
Old Usemedicinal, culinary; flavoring
Parts Usedresin, wood
Aromabalsamic, spicy, sweet, warm
Medicinalasthma, bronchitis, bronchitis, bursitis, chapped skin, colds, coughs, earache, eczema, hemorrhoids, low blood pressure, nervousness, stress relief, skin rashes, wounds
Heart & Circulationcirculation, vascular
Infection & Inflammationearache, fever, immunity
Respiratory Systemasthma, bronchitis, colds, cough, difficulty breathing, pharyngitis
Stomach & Intestinallow blood pressure
Skin & Hairabscess, allergies, chapped skin, eczema
Propertiesantibacterial, antiseptic, antitoxic, anti inflammatory, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant
The trees are large, growing to 40 metres (130 ft) tall, with evergreen pinnate leaves 15 centimetres (5.9 in) long, with 5–13 leaflets. The flowers are white with yellow stamens, produced in racemes. The fruit is a pod 7–11 centimetres (2.8–4.3 in) long, containing a single seed.
The wood is dark brown, with a deep red heartwood. Natural oils grant it excellent decay resistance. In fact, it is also resistant to preservative treatment. Its specific gravity is 0.74 to 0.81.
Properties & Uses
Stimulant and expectorant, much used as the basis of cough mixtures. The vapour from the balsam dissolved in ether when inhaled, is beneficial in chronic catarrh and other noninflammatory chest complaints.
Balsam has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions. Discontinue use if a skin rash develops.
Central America in the forests of San Salvado.
aromatic, oily liquid, termed cinnamein, dark resin peruviol, small quantity of vanillin and cinnamic acid.