- Botanical: Pimpinella saxifraga
- Family: Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
- Hits: 501
FamilyApiaceae or Umbelliferae
Known asBurnet-saxifrage, Kleine Bibernelle, Gemeine Bibernelle, Stein-Bibernelle, Steinbrechwurz, Steinpetersilie, Bockwurz, Pfefferkraut, Bumbernell
Old Usemedicine, culinary
Collection TimesJul to August.
Parts Usedleaves, seed
Medicinalabdominal pain, bronchitis, bronchitis, constipation, coughs, cramps, cramps stomach, digestion
Hormone & Sexual Organsmenstrual cramps
Muscle & Jointsrheumatism
Respiratory Systembronchitis, catarrh, cough, respiratory, sore throat, throat infections
Stomach & Intestinalabdominal pain, constipation, digestion, gastrointestinal, stomach complaints
Propertiesantispasmodic, astringent, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, stomachic
The root-stock is slender, the stem also slender, round, striate, 9 inches to 3 feet high. The root-leaves are numerous, shortly stalked, pinnate, the leaflets oval or roundish, four to eight pairs, sometimes so deeply cut as to be bipinnate, sometimes merely serrated. The stem-leaves are few, with the petiole dilated, particularly in the uppermost ones, the leaflets narrower than in the radical leaves, and pinnatifid. The upper leaves are reduced to dilated sheaths, the leaflets represented by one or more linear lobes. The umbels are regular, flattopped, the umbelules many-flowered, the individual flowers 1/10 inch across, white, with notched petals. The whole plant is dark green, generally glabrous.
Properties & Uses
The leaves are diaphoretic, diuretic, resolvent and stomachic. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and dried for later use. The root is anti-inflammatory, mildly astringent and expectorant. The fresh root is very hot and acrid, but this pungency is greatly reduced when the root is dried. When chewed, the fresh root is effective in treating toothaches and paralysis of the tongue. An effective diuretic, the root is used in treating disorders arising from obstructions of the viscera. The root is also used for soothing coughs or the effects of laryngitis and bronchitis. The roots can be harvested in the spring or autumn and are dried for later use. The seeds are carminative.
An essential oil from the roots is used as a flavouring in candy, liqueurs etc.
Photosensitivity possible in light skinned people. Care needed as pimpinella contains essential oils and saponins
Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to Portugal, the Balkans and Caucasus
Its active constituents are volatile oil and an acrid resin. The yellow volatile oil has an odor recalling parsley, and a biting taste. Buchheim obtained from the alcoholic extract a crystalline principle, which he called pimpinellin.