- Botanical: Rosa centifolia
- Family: Rosaceae
- Hits: 6234
Known asRosa gallica, Centifolie, Bischofsrose, Fleischrose, Gartenrose, hundertblättrige Rose, Jungfernrose, Kaiserrose, Knopfrose, Moosrose, Pomponrose, Trianonrose, Vielblättrige Rose
Collection TimesJuly to August
Parts Usedflowers, fruit, petals, seed
Medicinalbowel cleansing, cancer, constipation, laxative
Heart & Circulationblood cleansing
Hormone & Sexual Organsmenopausal symptom
Infection & Inflammationearache, mouth inflammation, toothache
Mind & Nervesdizziness, headache
Respiratory Systemcolds, cough, hay fever
Stomach & Intestinalconstipation, diarrhea, digestion, liver weakness
Skin & Hairburns, erysipelas, jaundice, wounds
Propertiesastringent, tonic, uterine
Rose plants are usually shrubby, in appearance with long drooping canes and grayish green leaves. The flowers are round and globular, with thin overlapping petals that are highly scented. The shrub is erect, with a height of 3 to 6 feet. The branches are closely covered with nearly straight prickles. The shoots of the plant are also erect. The leaves are unequally pinnate and there are 5 to 7 leaflets, which are oblong or ovate. The flowers of rose plant, which account for the petals, are large and pinkish or red in color. The flowers vary in hues, form and size. There are 100 documented varieties of flowers from this plant.
Properties & Uses
An essential oil is obtained from the flowers, it is used in perfumery. The dried petals are used in pot-pourri.
The root is astringent. The petals are laxative. A syrup made from the petals is used to treat constipation in infants. The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is 'Cleansing'
There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.
Not known in a truly wild situation.
essential oils, tannin, tannic acid, geraniol, saponins