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Rose Cabbage

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  • Botanical: Rosa centifolia
  • Family: Rosaceae
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Rose Cabbage

Botanical

Rosa centifolia

Family

Rosaceae

Known as

Rosa gallica, Centifolie, Bischofsrose, Fleischrose, Gartenrose, hundertblättrige Rose, Jungfernrose, Kaiserrose, Knopfrose, Moosrose, Pomponrose, Trianonrose, Vielblättrige Rose

Old Use

culinary

Collection Times

July to August

Parts Used

flowers, fruit, petals, seed

Medicinal

bowel cleansing, cancer, constipation, laxative

Heart & Circulation

blood cleansing

Hormone & Sexual Organs

menopausal symptom

Infection & Inflammation

earache, mouth inflammation, toothache

Mind & Nerves

dizziness, headache

Respiratory System

colds, cough, hay fever

Stomach & Intestinal

constipation, diarrhea, digestion, liver weakness

Skin & Hair

burns, erysipelas, jaundice, wounds

Properties

astringent, tonic, uterine

Description

Rose plants are usually shrubby, in appearance with long drooping canes and grayish green leaves. The flowers are round and globular, with thin overlapping petals that are highly scented. The shrub is erect, with a height of 3 to 6 feet. The branches are closely covered with nearly straight prickles. The shoots of the plant are also erect. The leaves are unequally pinnate and there are 5 to 7 leaflets, which are oblong or ovate. The flowers of rose plant, which account for the petals, are large and pinkish or red in color. The flowers vary in hues, form and size. There are 100 documented varieties of flowers from this plant.

Properties & Uses

An essential oil is obtained from the flowers, it is used in perfumery. The dried petals are used in pot-pourri.

Traditional Use

The root is astringent. The petals are laxative. A syrup made from the petals is used to treat constipation in infants. The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is 'Cleansing'

Cautions

There is a layer of hairs around the seeds just beneath the flesh of the fruit. These hairs can cause irritation to the mouth and digestive tract if ingested.

Distribution

Not known in a truly wild situation.

Constituents

essential oils, tannin, tannic acid, geraniol, saponins

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.