- Botanical: Juniperus sabina
- Family: Cupressaceae
- Hits: 568
Known asSavin, Sadebaum, Stink Wacholder, Gift Wacholder, Sefistrauch, Sebenstrauch
Old UseMedicine, Insecticide, Parasiticide, Industry
Stomach & Intestinalconstipation, laxative
Skin & Hairwarts
Propertiesabortifacient, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant
The shrub is very variable in shape, up to 1–4 m tall. The leaves are of two forms, juvenile needle-like leaves 5–10 mm long, and adult scale-leaves 1–2 mm long on slender shoots 0.8–1 mm thick. Juvenile leaves are found mainly on seedlings but mature shrubs sometimes continue to bear some juvenile leaves as well as adult, particularly on shaded shoots low in the crown. It is largely dioecious with separate male and female plants, but some individual plants produce both sexes. The cones are berry-like, 5–9 mm in diameter, blue-black with a whitish waxy bloom, and contain 1-3 (rarely 4 or 5) seeds; they are mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 2–4 mm long, and shed their pollen in early spring.
Properties & Uses
The young shoots are abortifacient, diuretic, emetic, powerfully emmenagogue and irritant. The plant is rarely used internally but is useful as an ointment and dressing to blisters etc in order to promote discharge. The powdered leaves are also used in the treatment of warts. The shoots are harvested in spring and dried for later use. Use with great caution and never during pregnancy.
Leaves are used as an insect repellent, a decoction of them is used against lice. An essential oil from the leaves and shoots has strong diuretic properties and is also used in perfumery. Yields of around 4% are obtained, this oil is also used as an insecticide. A good dense ground cover plant, though it is slow to cover the ground. The species type eventually forms a high ground cover, but there are many named forms that are lower-growing. Plants should be spaced about 1.2 metres apart each way. The taller forms of this species make a good hedge