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Styrax

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  • Botanical: Styrax benzoin
  • Family: Styracaceae
  • Hits: 3371
Styrax

Botanical

Styrax benzoin

Family

Styracaceae

Known as

styrax, Benzoin, gum benjamin tree, loban, kemenyan, onycha, Siam benzoin, sumatra benzoin tree, Sumatra benzoin, Styrax tonkinensis, Benzoe, Storaxbaum

Old Use

used in perfumes, certain types of incense, and medicines.

Parts Used

bark, resin

Medicinal

antiseptic, bronchitis, bladder disease, bronchitis, coughs, infections, urinary infections, throat infections, pyelonephritis, pharyngitis

Hormone & Sexual Organs

menstruation promotion

Infection & Inflammation

infections, pyelonephritis, throat inflammation

Mind & Nerves

pain relief

Respiratory System

asthma, bronchitis, colds, cough, pharyngitis, throat infections, tonsillitis

Stomach & Intestinal

bladder disease

Skin & Hair

dermatitis, erysipelas

Properties

anesthetic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, carminative, expectorant

Description

Large tropical tree up to 50 to 70 feet high, with pale green citrus-like leaves. It releases a balsamic resin when the trunk is cut. The resin hardens on exposure to air.

Traditional Use

It is used externally in the form of a tincture, diluted with water as a mild stimulant and antiseptic in irritable conditions of the skin. It acts as a carminative when taken internally is rapidly absorbed, and mildly expectorant diuretic and antiseptic to the urinary passages. In the form of Compound Tincture of Benzoin, it is used as an inhalant with steam in laryngitis and bronchitis. It is a preservative of fats, and is used for that purpose in Adips Benzoatus.

Cautions

Benzene and its derivatives, despite being highly aromatic, are toxic in nature. Therefore, ingestion or inhalation in excessive quantities can cause nausea, vomiting, headache, and lack of oxygen in the blood so it should be avoided.

Distribution

Native to tropical Asia, the Benzoin is cultivated in Sumatra. It has been imported, and used for centuries by the Chinese. 

Constituents

Resin, essential oils, benzoic acid, vanillin

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.