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Vijayasar

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  • Botanical: Pterocarpus marsupium
  • Family: Fabaceae
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Vijayasar

Botanical

Pterocarpus marsupium

Family

Fabaceae

Known as

Malabar Kino, Indian Kino Tree, Benga, Bijiayasal, Piasal, Venkai

Old Use

medical, industry

Parts Used

flowers, leaves, wood

Aroma

sharp

Medicinal

abdominal pain, angina, angina, arteriosclerosis, bronchitis, bronchitis, bruises, cholesterol lowering, coughs, cramps, diabetes, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, insect bites, insect repellend, intestinal parasites, rheumatism, toothache, wounds, throat infections

Heart & Circulation

arteriosclerosis

Hormone & Sexual Organs

menstrual problems, uterine bleeding

Infection & Inflammation

infections intestinal, skin inflammation, toothache

Muscle & Joints

rheumatism

Respiratory System

bronchitis, cough

Stomach & Intestinal

diabetes, diarrhea, digestion, gastrointestinal

Skin & Hair

boils, burns

Properties

antitoxic, digestive, emmenagogue, expectorant, parasiticide

Description

It is of moderate size to large tree. The height ranges from 15 to 30 meters. The stem is stout and crooked with widely spreading branches. The bark is thick and dark brown to grey in colour. Leaves are compound and imparipinnate. Leaflets are 5-7, coriaceous, oblong, obtuse, emarginated or even bilobed at the apex and glabrous on both surfaces. The petioles are round, smooth and waved from leaflet to leaflet, 5 or 6 inches long and there are no stipules. Panicles are terminal and very large; ramifications are bifarious, like the leaves. Peduncles and pedicals are round and a little downy. Bracts are small, caduceus, solitary below each division and subdivision of the panicle. The flowers are very numerous, white, with a small tinge of yellow. Vexillum is with a long, slender claw, very broad; sides reflexed, waved, curled and veined; keel is two pettled, adhering slightly for a little way near the middle, waved, etc., same as the vexillum. Stamens are 10, united near the base, but soon dividing into two parcels of 5 each; anthers are globose and 2-lobed. Ovary is oblong, pedicelled, hairy, generally 2-celled; cells are transverse and 1­seeded. Style is ascending. The legume, which is borne on a long petiole, is three-fourths orbicular, the upper remainder, which extends from the pedicel to the remainder of the style, is straight, the whole surrounded with a waved, veiny, downy, membraneous wing, swelled, rugose, woody in the center, where the seed is lodged and not opening; generally one but sometimes 2-celled. Seeds are single and reniform

Properties & Uses

Indian kino has many therapeutic and medicinal properties and is used in treating conditions like elephantiasis, diarrhea, leucoderma, rectalgia, cough, dysentery, rheumatoid arthritis and grey hair. The crushed leaves of the plant are used externally for the treatment of boils, sores and certain types of skin diseases. Consumption of the herb helps to lower the lipid and glucose levels of the body. It leads to the significant reduction in the blood sugar levels, in diabetic patients. One of the major effects of Indian kino in human body is that it helps to prevent cell proliferation and induces apoptotic effect in tumor cell lines. It is also used as an astringent and helps to cure dental problems, like toothache. The herb also has anthelmintic properties and is a bitter acrid and an anodyne. Indian kino prevents the leakage of electrolytes, caused by herbicide-induced oxidative damage. Indian Kino exhibits strong antihyperlipdemic properties and helps in reducing total cholesterol, LDL, VLDL and serum triglyceride levels in the human body. It, however, does not cause any change in the HDL cholesterol levels. The herb also has antimicrobial properties and is used to act against certain types of bacteria and virus. Another vital function of the herb is that it has scavenging properties, which work against mitochondrial lipid peroxidation.

Other use

In Karnataka the plant is known as Honne or Kempu Honne.Kannada people in India make a wooden tumbler from the heartwood of this herb tree and its aqueous solution is used to cure diabetes. Water is left overnight in the wooden tumbler and is consumed the following morning. The water draws healing properties from the wood overnight. The gum resin of P. marsupium is the only herbal product ever found to regenerate beta cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. P. marsupium is also available in powder form which is made from the bark of the tree.

Cautions

Indian kino does not cause any allergic reactions or any other side effects on consumption.

Distribution

It is native to India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka, where it occurs in parts of the Western Ghats in the Karnataka-Kerala region and also in the forests of Central India. It is also known by the names Malabar Kino, Benga, Bijiayasal (in western Nepal), Piasal (Oriya), Venkai, and many others.

Constituents

Epicatechin, pterosupin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, marsupol, marsupinol, carpusin, epicatechin, pterostilbene, kinotannic acid, beta-eudesmol, kinoin, kino-red

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.