Cayenne Pepper

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  • Botanical: Capsicum annuum
  • Family: Solanaceae
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Cayenne Pepper

Botanical

Capsicum annuum

Family

Solanaceae

Known as

Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum chinense, Paprika, Peperoni, Pepperoni, Pfefferoni, Pfefferschoten, Chilli, Chillie, Chilie, Chile, Cayennepfeffer

Old Use

culinary, medicinal use

Collection Times

August to October

Parts Used

fruit, seed

Medicinal

asthma, back pain, colds, digestion, flu, hemorrhoids, rheumatism

Heart & Circulation

circulation, hemorrhoids

Infection & Inflammation

chills, fever, flu, skin inflammation

Muscle & Joints

back pain, joint pain, lower back pain (lumbago), muscle pain, rheumatism, tension

Mind & Nerves

loss of appetite, sciatica

Respiratory System

bronchitis, catarrh, colds

Stomach & Intestinal

digestion, flatulence, indigestion, stomach weakness

Properties

antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antirheumatic, anti inflammatory, digestive, rubefacient, stimulant, sudorific, vermifuge

Description

It is a shrubby perennial plant 2 to 6 feet high. Branches angular, usually enlarged and slightly purple at the nodes; petioles medium; peduncles slender, often in pairs, and longer than the fruit; calyx cup-shaped, clasping base of fruit which is red, ovate, and long; seeds small and flat, from ten to twenty-nine. The cuticle of the pericarp is uniformly striated and in this particular is distinct from other species.

 

Traditional Use

The fruit of the hot, pungent cultivars is antihaemorrhoidal when taken in small amounts, antirheumatic, antiseptic, diaphoretic, digestive, irritant, rubefacient, sialagogue and tonic. It is taken internally in the treatment of the cold stage of fevers, debility in convalescence or old age, varicose veins, asthma and digestive problems. Externally it is used in the treatment of sprains, unbroken chilblains, neuralgia, pleurisy etc. It is an effective sea-sickness preventative. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Capsicum for muscular tension, rheumatism

Cautions

Pungent-fruited peppers may cause painful irritation when used in excess, or after accidental contact with the eyes. Although no reports have been seen for this species, many plants in this family produce toxins in their leaves. The sap of the plant can cause the skin to blister. Avoid in patients taking monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressants and antihypertensive drugs

Distribution

Probably native of the Tropics, but the original habitat is obscure.

Constituents

Capsaicin, Carotinoide, Capsanthin, Capsorubin, Vitamin C

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.