Hollyhock

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  • Botanical: Althaea rosea
  • Family: Malvaceae
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Hollyhock

Botanical

Althaea rosea

Family

Malvaceae

Known as

Common Hollyhock, Bauerneibisch, Baummalve, Gartenmalve, Herbstrose, Pappelrose, Roseneibisch, Schwarze Malve, Stockmalve, Winterrose

Old Use

medicinal use

Collection Times

July and early August

Parts Used

flowers, leaves, roots

Medicinal

amenorrhea, cramps, menstrual cramps, menstrual problems, gynecological issues

Hormone & Sexual Organs

cramps, gynecological issues, menstrual cramps, menstruation promotion

Infection & Inflammation

fever, infections

Mind & Nerves

loss of appetite

Respiratory System

colds, sore throat

Stomach & Intestinal

diarrhea, gastric inflammation, intestinal inflammation, ulcers

Skin & Hair

burns, eczema, wounds

Properties

antibacterial, antispasmodic, anti inflammatory, astringent, diuretic, febrifuge

Description

It is a tall, upright perennial has single flowers of various colors that grow along a spike. It blooms in early summer and midsummer.

A. rosea is a robust biennial or short-lived perennial to 2m or more, with shallowly lobed, rounded leaves and long erect racemes of open funnel-shaped flowers to 10cm across, which may be pink, purple, red, white or yellow

Properties & Uses

A fibre obtained from the stems is used in papermaking. The fibres are about 1.9mm long. The stems are harvested in late summer, the leaves are removed and the stems are steamed until the fibres can be removed. The fibres are cooked with lye for 2 hours and then ball milled for 3 hours or pounded with mallets. The paper is light tan in colour. The flowers are an alternative ingredient of 'Quick Return' herbal compost activator. This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost. The seed contains 12% of a drying oil. The red anthocyanin constituent of the flowers is used as a litmus. A brown dye is obtained from the petals

Traditional Use

The flowers are demulcent, diuretic and emollient. They are useful in the treatment of chest complaints, and a decoction is used to improve blood circulation, for the treatment of constipation, dysmenorrhoea, haemorrhage etc. The flowers are harvested when they are open and are dried for later use. The shoots are used to ease a difficult labour. The root is astringent and demulcent. It is crushed and applied as a poultice to ulcers\. Internally, it is used in the treatment of dysentery. The roots and the flowers are used in Tibetan medicine, where they are said to have a sweet, acrid taste and a neutral potency. They are used in the treatment of inflammations of the kidneys/womb, vaginal/seminal discharge, and the roots on their own are used to treat loss of appetite. The seed is demulcent, diuretic and febrifuge

Cautions

none known

Distribution

The original habitat is obscure, it is probably of hybrid origin. A garden escape in Britain

Constituents

Mucilage, anthocyanin, tannin, red dye, essential oils

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.