- Botanical: Zingiber officinale
- Family: Zingiberaceae
- Hits: 6031
Known asCurcuma petiolata, Hidden Lily, Jewel of Thailand, Siam Tulip, Hidden Ginger, Queen lily, Ingber, Imber, Immerwurzel, Ingwerwurzel
Old Useculinary; medicinal
Collection TimesLate Fall
Aromacitrus, fresh, fruity, spicy, warm, woody
Medicinalcoughs, flatulence, gastrointestinal, headache, menstrual cramps, nausea
Hormone & Sexual Organsmenstrual cramps
Infection & Inflammationchills, fever, flu, infections intestinal
Muscle & Jointsmuscle cramps, sprains
Mind & Nervesanorexia, headache, loss of appetite, migraine
Respiratory Systemcolds, cough, tonsillitis
Stomach & Intestinaldiarrhea, flatulence, gastrointestinal, nausea, stomach complaints, ulcers
Propertiesantispasmodic, expectorant, stomachic, warming
Extractionsteam distillation, hypercritical carbon dioxide (CO2)
Ginger is a spice and more popular in Central Europe, probably because the exotic cuisine, spreading more and more. Many grocery stores now have to get fresh ginger roots.
But not only as an exotic spice, ginger is suitable, but also a valuable remedy. His special ability is to eliminate nausea.
Properties & Uses
The aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale is the source of ginger, a spice used for centuries to add flavour in cooking. In Asia the fresh stem is an essential ingredient of many dishes, whereas the dried, powdered spice is more popular in European cooking. Gingerbread, one of the most popular uses for ginger in Britain, dates to Anglo-Saxon times when preserved ginger (produced by boiling the rhizome in sugar syrup) was used, often medicinally.
Crystallised ginger, a sweetmeat traditionally eaten as a delicacy at Christmas, is prepared by coating dried, preserved ginger with sugar. Ginger oil, the oleoresin, is used to flavour ginger beer and ginger ale, and is commonly used as an ingredient in perfumery, cosmetics and medicines.
Ginger has many medicinal uses. The fresh or dried rhizome is used in oral or topical preparations to treat a variety of ailments, while the essential oil is applied topically as an analgesic. Evidence suggests ginger is most effective against nausea and vomiting associated with surgery, vertigo, travel sickness and morning sickness. However, safe use of ginger during pregnancy is questionable and pregnant women should exercise caution before taking it. The topical use of ginger may cause allergic reactions.
The pungent principles in ginger are the non-volatile phenolic compounds gingerol, gingeridione and shogaol.
Ginger may cause allergic reactions when applied to the skin. Pregnant women should use ginger with caution, as its safety is not confirmed.
Zingiber officinale is possibly native to India. It is widely grown as a commercial crop in south and southeast Asia, tropical Africa (especially Sierra Leone and Nigeria), Latin America, the Caribbean (especially Jamaica) and Australia.
Essential oils, zingiberene, zingiberol, gingerol, shogaol