Ginger

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  • Botanical: Zingiber officinale
  • Family: Zingiberaceae
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Ginger

Botanical

Zingiber officinale

Family

Zingiberaceae

Known as

Curcuma petiolata, Hidden Lily, Jewel of Thailand, Siam Tulip, Hidden Ginger, Queen lily, Ingber, Imber, Immerwurzel, Ingwerwurzel

Old Use

culinary; medicinal

Collection Times

Late Fall

Parts Used

roots

Aroma

citrus, fresh, fruity, spicy, warm, woody

Medicinal

coughs, flatulence, gastrointestinal, headache, menstrual cramps, nausea

Hormone & Sexual Organs

menstrual cramps

Infection & Inflammation

chills, fever, flu, infections intestinal

Muscle & Joints

muscle cramps, sprains

Mind & Nerves

anorexia, headache, loss of appetite, migraine

Respiratory System

colds, cough, tonsillitis

Stomach & Intestinal

diarrhea, flatulence, gastrointestinal, nausea, stomach complaints, ulcers

Properties

antispasmodic, expectorant, stomachic, warming

Note

middle

Extraction

steam distillation, hypercritical carbon dioxide (CO2)

Description

Ginger is a spice and more popular in Central Europe, probably because the exotic cuisine, spreading more and more. Many grocery stores now have to get fresh ginger roots.

But not only as an exotic spice, ginger is suitable, but also a valuable remedy. His special ability is to eliminate nausea.

Properties & Uses

The aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale is the source of ginger, a spice used for centuries to add flavour in cooking. In Asia the fresh stem is an essential ingredient of many dishes, whereas the dried, powdered spice is more popular in European cooking. Gingerbread, one of the most popular uses for ginger in Britain, dates to Anglo-Saxon times when preserved ginger (produced by boiling the rhizome in sugar syrup) was used, often medicinally.

Crystallised ginger, a sweetmeat traditionally eaten as a delicacy at Christmas, is prepared by coating dried, preserved ginger with sugar. Ginger oil, the oleoresin, is used to flavour ginger beer and ginger ale, and is commonly used as an ingredient in perfumery, cosmetics and medicines.

Ginger has many medicinal uses. The fresh or dried rhizome is used in oral or topical preparations to treat a variety of ailments, while the essential oil is applied topically as an analgesic. Evidence suggests ginger is most effective against nausea and vomiting associated with surgery, vertigo, travel sickness and morning sickness. However, safe use of ginger during pregnancy is questionable and pregnant women should exercise caution before taking it. The topical use of ginger may cause allergic reactions.

The pungent principles in ginger are the non-volatile phenolic compounds gingerol, gingeridione and shogaol.

Cautions

Ginger may cause allergic reactions when applied to the skin. Pregnant women should use ginger with caution, as its safety is not confirmed.

Distribution

Zingiber officinale is possibly native to India. It is widely grown as a commercial crop in south and southeast Asia, tropical Africa (especially Sierra Leone and Nigeria), Latin America, the Caribbean (especially Jamaica) and Australia.

Constituents

Essential oils, zingiberene, zingiberol, gingerol, shogaol

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.