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  • Botanical: Beta vulgaris
  • Family: Chenopodiaceae
  • Hits: 3813


Beta vulgaris



Known as

Beet Root, Garden Beet, Mangold, Runkelrübe, Zucker­rü­be, Rote Bete, Rote Rübe

Old Use

culinary; medicinal

Parts Used

herb, leaves, roots


balsamic, oriental, sweet


abdominal pain, anemia, coughs, digestion, fatigue, gastrointestinal, laxative, indigestion, infections intestinal

Heart & Circulation


Infection & Inflammation

fever, flu, skin inflammation, throat infections

Respiratory System

bronchitis, colds, cough, lung weakness, respiratory

Stomach & Intestinal

abdominal pain, cancer, cancer prevention, constipation, digestion, laxative, indigestion, intestinal inflammation


antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti inflammatory, astringent, aphrodisiac, carminative, digestive, emmenagogue, expectorant


A polymorphic biennial (flowering in the second year of growth), up to 2 m tall when in flower.

Basal leaves forming a rosette.

Flowers are small, green, borne in clusters subtended by bracts, forming dense, usually branched inflorescences. Each flower contains two stigmas (female parts).

‘Seeds’ are actually fruits that are attached to each other and enveloped in a woody covering (calyces). 

Properties & Uses

The roots and leaves of the beet have been used in folk medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments. Ancient Romans used beetroot as a treatment for fevers and constipation, amongst other ailments. Beetroot juice has been considered an aphrodisiac. From the Middle Ages, beetroot was used as a treatment for a variety of conditions, especially illnesses relating to digestion and the blood. Platina recommended taking beetroot with garlic to nullify the effects of 'garlic-breath'. Beta vulgaris beets have been used for treatment of disorders of the respiratory tract, fever and infections.

It has been suggested the pigment molecule betanin in the root of red beets may protect against oxidative stress and has been used for this purpose in Europe for centuries.

All parts of the beet plant contain oxalic acid. Beet greens and Swiss chard are both considered high oxalate foods which have been implicated on the formation of kidney stones.


none known


Beta vulgaris subspecies maritima (sea beet) grows wild along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of Europe, where it is found near the sea shore, particularly in heavy alluvial soils and clays at disturbed sites.

Cultivars of Beta vulgaris are grown throughout Europe and North America.


Betanin,  vitamin B, potassium, iron, folic acid, oxalic acid. 


Of Interest



For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

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