- Botanical: Copaifera officinalis
- Family: Leguminosae
- Hits: 643
Known asCopaiva. Balsam Copaiba. Copaiba officinalis.
Medicinalantiseptic, bronchitis, bronchitis, constipation, coughs, cystitis, depression, fever, flatulence, hemorrhoids, laxative, infections
Heart & Circulationhemorrhoids
Infection & Inflammationfever, infections
Respiratory Systembronchitis, catarrh, cough, respiratory
Stomach & Intestinalbowel cleansing, constipation, digestion, gastrointestinal, laxative
Propertiesantispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, stimulant
Copaifera Officinalis (copaiba) is a well branched tropical tree that grows up to 100 feet tall. It has pinnate leathery leaves and blossoms are borne in whitish racemes; the flowers are white, small and aromatic. The fruit is a coriaceous legume containing only a single seed. The part of the copaiba tree that is used is the oleoresin (a clear yellow resin) accumulated in cavities within the trunk; it is obtained by making incisions in the tree trunk. Although this resin is referred to as a balsam, in reality it is more a natural oil; thick clear pale - to golden yellow color
Properties & Uses
Stimulant, diuretic, carminative, laxative; in large doses purgative, causing nausea, vomiting, strangury, bloody urine and fever. A good remedy for chronic catarrh and bronchitis, as it assists expectoration and is antiseptic; is given with advantage in leucorrhoea, chronic cystitis, diarrhoea and haemorrhoids. It is chiefly used in gonorrhoea (though not advocated for chronic cases), often combined with cubebs and sandal. It has also been recommended externally for chilblains. Both the volatile oil and resin are greatly altered when expelled in the urine, and when precipitated by nitric acid might be mistaken for albumen; it is considered a valuable hydragogue diuretic in obstinate dropsy. It creates an irritant action on the whole mucous membrane, imparts a peculiar odour to the urine and breath, causes an eruption resembling measles attended with irritation and tingling; it is the resin, not the oleoresin, that is used as a diuretic.
Taking very large amounts can be toxic.
Brazil and north of South Africa
Resin consists of: sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, and terpenic acids. The resin also contains Caryophyllene (this phyto-chemical has strong anti-inflammatory-, fungal and pain relieving properties).