- Botanical: Jateorhiza palmata
- Family: Menispermaceae
- Hits: 1111
Known asJateorhiza calumba, Kalumba, Kolombowurzel, Colombo, Handblättriger Kokkel, Handförmiges Mondkorn, Kolombopflanze, Schildblättriger Mondsame
Collection Timesdry season and dormancy period
Medicinalabdominal pain, bronchitis, bronchitis, coughs, cramps, cramps stomach, digestion, fever, flatulence, gastrointestinal, laxative, liver weakness, indigestion, intestinal parasites, morning sickness, stomach pain, spasm
Hormone & Sexual Organsuterine prolapse
Infection & Inflammationfever
Respiratory Systembronchitis, catarrh, cough, lung weakness
Stomach & Intestinalabdominal pain, diarrhea, digestion, flatulence, liver weakness, intestinal parasites, nausea, stomach pain, stomach cramps, worm
Propertiesantiseptic, febrifuge, stimulant, stomachic
Tall, dioecious twining perennial vine; often reaching the tops of trees. The annual stems, one or two from each root, are hair with glandular tips and have large bright green memraneous leaves which are palmate, alternate and long petioled. The flowers are insignificant and greenish-white. The female flower is followed by moon-shaped stone in a drupe. Male flowers are in 30 cm( 1) long panicles. The tuberous root is large and fleshy, about 3-8 cm (1.24-3.25) in diameter with a thick bark. Transverse section yellowish, outside greyish-brown. Taste is muscilagenous and very bitter.
Properties & Uses
Therapeutic action: Tonic, febrifuge, stomachic, antiemetic, digestive stimulant (stimulates the gustatory nerves which dilate the gastric vessels and augment secretion), sialagogue, antiseptic, disinfectant, anthelmintic, cathartic (large doses), mild laxative (small doses), demulcent (slightly). This is a bitter tonic without astringency or aroma and is one of the best, most effective, and purest tonic strengtheners for indolent (lazy) and enervated conditions (especially in hot, swampy climates), promoting digestion, toxic elimination, and thereby toning up and nourishing the whole body system. Calumba is a good substitute for Peruvian bark when it is unavailable. It is excellent to use before confinement (during convalescence). It resembles golden seal as a gastric tonic, but it is not a positive tonic to the nervous system.
Medicinal uses: Bedwetting, cholera infantum, cholera morbus, colon trouble, constipation, convalescence from fevers, debility, diarrhea (chronic), dysentery, dyspepsia (atonic), fevers (remittent and intermittent), flatulence (bowel), indigestion, liver torpor (inactivity), mucus colitis, pinworms (children), prolapsed uterus, phthisis (fever), pulmonary consumption, rheumatism, sea-sickness, stomach problems, vomiting in pregnancy.
People using this herb or planning to use it ought to be aware of the side effects caused by it and take the necessary precautions to avoid them. Generally, there is no record of any side effect or perils caused by the therapeutic dosages of calumba. However, taking this herb in excessive doses may result in symptoms of unconsciousness and paralysis.
Calumba is a crawling vine that is indigenous to the East African rainforests, particularly Madagascar and Mozambique. This herb usually grows up to a great height, frequently reaching the canopies of trees. Besides the rainforests of East Africa, calumba is grown in different regions having tropical climatic conditions as well as in Europe.
Calumba root contains 2-3% total alkaloids, chiefly protoberberines (palmatine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine), as well as furanoditerpenoid lactones which attribute to the very bitter taste of the root. Several of these alkaloids have a narcotic effect similar to morphine. Other chemical include: alkaloids, bisjatrorrhizine, chasmanthin, columbamine, columbin, columbin-2,3-epoxide, columbinyl-glucoside, cryptogenin, diosgenin, EO, isojateorinyl-glucoside, jateorine, jateorinyl-glucoside, jateorrhizine, mucilage, palmarin, palmatine, and starch.