- Botanical: Brassica juncea
- Family: Brassicaceae
- Hits: 2632
Known asIndian Mustard, Brassica juncea, Mustard Greens, Chinese mustard, Braune Senf, Indischer Senf, Sareptasenf, Ruten-Kohl, Chinesischer Senf
Old Usemedicinal use
Collection TimesJune to September.
Parts Usedflowers, leaves, seed
Medicinalbleeding, cancer, colds, colic, coughs, cramps stomach, digestion, infections intestinal, joint inflammation, joint pain, swollen feet, ulcers, lumbago
Heart & Circulationhemostatic, swollen feet
Infection & Inflammationswollen feet
Muscle & Jointsarthritis, joint inflammation, joint pain, lower back pain (lumbago), rheumatism
Mind & Nervessciatica
Stomach & Intestinalabdominal pain, cancer, digestion
Propertiesantibacterial, diuretic, galactagogue, rubefacient, stimulant
It is an erect annual, 3 feet or more in height, with smaller flowers than the White Mustard. The spear-shaped, upper leaves, linear, pointed, entire and smooth, and the shortly-beaked pods, readily distinguish it from the former species. The smooth, erect flattened pods, each provided with a short slender beak, contain about ten to twelve dark reddish-brown or black seeds, which are collected when ripe and dried.
They are about half the size of White Mustard seeds, but possess similar properties. The seedcoat is thin and brittle and covered with minute pits. Like the White Mustard, the seeds are inodorous, even when powdered, though a pungent odour is noticeable when moistened with water, owing to the formation of volatile oil of Mustard, which is colourless or pale yellow, with an intensely penetrating odour and a very acrid taste.
Properties & Uses
There is some evidence that if this plant is grown as a green manure it is effective in reducing soil-borne root rots in pea crops. This is attributed to chemicals that are given off as the plants decay
Although not usually used medicinally, the seed is a warming stimulant herb with antibiotic effects. Reported to be anodyne, aperitif, diuretic, emetic, rubefacient, and stimulant, Brown Mustard is a folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism. The seed is used in the treatment of tumours in China. In Korea, the seeds are used in the treatment of abscesses, colds, lumbago, rheumatism, and stomach disorders. The root is used as a galactagogue in Africa. Ingestion may impart a body odour repellent to mosquitoes. Mustard oil is used in the treatment of skin eruptions and ulcers. Believed to be aperient and tonic, the volatile oil is used as a counterirritant and stimulant. In Java the plant is used as an antisyphilitic emmenagogue. Leaves applied to the forehead are said to relieve headache. The Chinese eat the leaves in soups for bladder, inflammation or haemorrhage
Mustard allergy possibly especially in children and adolescents. Retention of seeds possibly in intestines if taken internally
North Europe to Central Asia. Rarely naturalized in Britain
glycerides of Oleic, Stearic and Erucic or Brassic and Behenic acids