- Botanical: Mentha spicata
- Family: Lamiaceae
- Hits: 2669
Known asSpear Mint, Langblättrige Minze, Rossminze, Ross-Minze, Ährige Minze, Speer-Minze
Old Useculinary; medicinal
Collection TimesSeptember to October
Medicinalabdominal pain, antiseptic, bruises, constipation, cramps stomach, digestion, fever, gastrointestinal, headache, hemorrhoids, laxative, insect bites, muscle pain, neuralgia, pain relief, vomiting
Heart & Circulationhemorrhoids, swollen feet
Infection & Inflammationfever
Mind & Nervesheadache, pain relief
Stomach & Intestinalabdominal pain, constipation, digestion, gastrointestinal, laxative, vomiting
Skin & Hairbruises, scar pain
Propertiesanalgesic, anesthetic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cooling, diuretic, restoring, stimulant, stomachic
It is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant growing 30–100 cm tall, with variably hairless to hairy stems and foliage, and a wide-spreading fleshy underground rhizome. The leaves are 5–9 cm long and 1.5–3 cm broad, with a serrated margin. The stem is square-shaped, a trademark of the mint family of herbs. Spearmint produces flowers in slender spikes, each flower pink or white, 2.5–3 mm long and broad.
Properties & Uses
Spearmint is a commonly used domestic herbal remedy. A tea made from the leaves has traditionally been used in the treatment of fevers, headaches, digestive disorders and various minor ailments. The herb is antiemetic, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, restorative, stimulant and stomachic. The leaves should be harvested when the plant is just coming into flower, and can be dried for later use. The stems are macerated and used as a poultice on bruises. The essential oil in the leaves is antiseptic, though it is toxic in large doses. Both the essential oil and the stems are used in folk remedies for cancer. A poultice prepared from the leaves is said to remedy tumours.
An essential oil is obtained from the whole plant, the yield is about 4K of oil from 1 tonne of leaves. The oil is used commercially as a food flavouring and oral hygiene preparation. The plant repels insects and was formerly used as an strewing herb. Rats and mice intensely dislike the smell of mint. The plant was therefore used in homes as a strewing herb and has also been spread in granaries to keep the rodents off the grain.
Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, large quantities of some members of this genus, especially when taken in the form of the extracted essential oil, can cause abortions so some caution is advised.
It grows in wet soils. It is native to Europe and southwest Asia, but has become naturalized in other parts of the world. It is naturalized throughout the United States and Canada. It is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region of North America
essential oils, carvone, flavonoids, limonene, linalool, Mycren, Piperitonoxid, sabinene