Spearmint

0.0/5 rating (0 votes)
  • Botanical: Mentha spicata
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Hits: 2669
Spearmint

Botanical

Mentha spicata

Family

Lamiaceae

Known as

Spear Mint, Langblättrige Minze, Rossminze, Ross-Minze, Ährige Minze, Speer-Minze

Old Use

culinary; medicinal

Collection Times

September to October

Parts Used

leaves

Aroma

fresh, minty

Medicinal

abdominal pain, antiseptic, bruises, constipation, cramps stomach, digestion, fever, gastrointestinal, headache, hemorrhoids, laxative, insect bites, muscle pain, neuralgia, pain relief, vomiting

Heart & Circulation

hemorrhoids, swollen feet

Infection & Inflammation

fever

Mind & Nerves

headache, pain relief

Stomach & Intestinal

abdominal pain, constipation, digestion, gastrointestinal, laxative, vomiting

Skin & Hair

bruises, scar pain

Properties

analgesic, anesthetic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cooling, diuretic, restoring, stimulant, stomachic

Description

It is a herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant growing 30–100 cm tall, with variably hairless to hairy stems and foliage, and a wide-spreading fleshy underground rhizome. The leaves are 5–9 cm long and 1.5–3 cm broad, with a serrated margin. The stem is square-shaped, a trademark of the mint family of herbs. Spearmint produces flowers in slender spikes, each flower pink or white, 2.5–3 mm long and broad.

Properties & Uses

Spearmint is a commonly used domestic herbal remedy. A tea made from the leaves has traditionally been used in the treatment of fevers, headaches, digestive disorders and various minor ailments. The herb is antiemetic, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, restorative, stimulant and stomachic. The leaves should be harvested when the plant is just coming into flower, and can be dried for later use. The stems are macerated and used as a poultice on bruises. The essential oil in the leaves is antiseptic, though it is toxic in large doses. Both the essential oil and the stems are used in folk remedies for cancer. A poultice prepared from the leaves is said to remedy tumours. 

Other Uses

An essential oil is obtained from the whole plant, the yield is about 4K of oil from 1 tonne of leaves. The oil is used commercially as a food flavouring and oral hygiene preparation. The plant repels insects and was formerly used as an strewing herb. Rats and mice intensely dislike the smell of mint. The plant was therefore used in homes as a strewing herb and has also been spread in granaries to keep the rodents off the grain.

Cautions

Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, large quantities of some members of this genus, especially when taken in the form of the extracted essential oil, can cause abortions so some caution is advised.

Distribution

It grows in wet soils. It is native to Europe and southwest Asia, but has become naturalized in other parts of the world. It is naturalized throughout the United States and Canada. It is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region of North America 

Constituents

essential oils, carvone, flavonoids, limonene, linalool, Mycren, Piperitonoxid, sabinene

For educational purposes only This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Welcome to plantlexica.com

Your Medical Plant Guide

We are continuesly expanding our plant database.
Our goal is to collect all the information of benifitial and medicinal plants and share it.

Help and support us comleting our mission. See how here.

beta v1 - a opassoap.com project