- Botanical: Chelidonium majus
- Family: Papaveraceae
- Hits: 1047
Known asChelidonium, tetterwort, Schöllkraut
Old Usebloodroot, wart weed
Medicinalabdominal pain, angina, angina, anxiety, arteriosclerosis, asthma, bronchitis, bladder disease, bladder stones, bladder weakness, bile weakness, bronchitis, cancer, conjunctivitis, coughs, diarrhea, digestion, dropsy, eye inflammation, gallstones, gastrointestinal, laxative, liver weakness, respiratory, rheumatism, swollen feet, ulcers, warts, worm, edema, osteoarthritis
Heart & Circulationangina, arteriosclerosis, dropsy (edema), edema, high blood pressure, swollen feet
Hormone & Sexual Organsuterine bleeding
Infection & Inflammationconjunctivitis, eye inflammation, skin inflammation, toothache
Muscle & Jointsgout, rheumatism, osteoarthritis
Mind & Nervespain relief
Respiratory Systemasthma, bronchitis, cough, lung weakness, whooping cough
Stomach & Intestinalabdominal pain, bladder disease, bladder stones, bladder weakness, cancer, cancer prevention, constipation, diarrhea, digestion, gastritis, gastrointestinal, gastric inflammation, laxative, liver weakness, intestinal inflammation, stomach pain, stomach cramps, stomach complaints, ulcers, worm
Skin & Haireczema, warts
Propertiesantispasmodic, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, narcotic, stomachic
Greater celandine is a perennial herb with an erect habit, and reaches 30 to 120 cm high. The leaves are pinnate with lobed and wavy-edged margins, 30 cm long. When injured, the plant exudes a yellow to orange latex. The flowers consist of four yellow petals, each about 1 cm long, with two sepals. A double-flowered variety occurs naturally. The flowers appear from late spring to summer in umbelliform cymes of about 4 flowers. The seeds are small and black, borne in a long capsule. Each has an elaiosome, which attracts ants to disperse the seeds (myrmecochory). It is considered an aggressive invasive plant in natural areas (both woods and fields). Control is obtained mainly via pulling or spraying the plant before seed dispersal.
Properties & Uses
Greater celandine is a plant. The dried above-ground parts, root, and rhizome (underground stem) are used to make medicine. Don’t confuse greater celandine with lesser celandine (Family: Ranunculus ficaria). Greater celandine is used for various problems with the digestive tract including upset stomach, gastroenteritis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), constipation, loss of appetite, stomach cancer, intestinal polyps, and liver and gallbladder disorders. Other uses include detoxification, treating menstrual cramps, cough, pain, breast lumps, chest pain (angina), fluid retention (edema), “hardening of the arteries” (arteriosclerosis), high blood pressure, asthma, gout, and osteoarthritis. Some people apply greater celandine directly to the skin for warts, genital warts, rashes, eczema, and scabies; and to the gums for tooth pain and to ease tooth extraction. The fresh root is also chewed to relieve toothache.
Leaves - cooked in small quantities. They contain small amounts of toxic alkaloids. The leaves are boiled with clean earth, the mixture is left overnight and then thoroughly washed in several changes of water.
Plants rapidly form a ground cover, but should only be used in wild places because of their invasive nature. Seed contains 50 - 66% of a fatty oil.
The whole plant is poisonous. It is of very low toxicity and this is greatly reduced by drying the plant. The stem juice is highly irritating and allergenic, it may cause paralysis. Large doses cause sleepiness, skin irritation, respiratory tract irritation, violent coughing and dyspnoea. It also stains the urine bright yellow and may cause ulcers. May cause burning sensation in the mouth, nausea and vomiting. Avoid contact with eyes. Concerns of liver toxicity so avoid in those with liver disease. Not recommended during pregnancy and for children under 12
It is native to Europe and western Asia and introduced widely in North America.
Protopine, stylopine, and allocryptopine. Allocryptopine and stylopine assumingly support the action of protopine.