- Botanical: Nigella damascena
- Family: Ranunculaceae
- Hits: 785
Known asRagged Lady, Jungfer im Grünen
Old Usemedicinal, culinary
Collection TimesJul to October
Medicinaldiarrhea, flatulence, gastrointestinal, menstrual cramps, menstruation promotion, menstrual problems, spasm, worm, gynecological issues
Hormone & Sexual Organscramps, menstrual cramps, menstruation promotion, menstrual problems, uterine cramps
Stomach & Intestinalabdominal pain, diarrhea, liver weakness, intestinal parasites, stomach cramps, worm
Propertiesastringent, carminative, emmenagogue, vermifuge
Nigella damascena (love-in-a-mist, ragged lady) is an annual garden flowering plant, belonging to the buttercup family Ranunculaceae.
It grows to 20–50 cm (8–20 in) tall, with pinnately divided, thread-like, alternate leaves.
The flowers, blooming in early summer, are most commonly different shades of blue, but can be white, pink, or pale purple, with 5 to 25 sepals. The actual petals are located at the base of the stamens and are minute and clawed. The sepals are the only colored part of the perianth. The four to five carpels of the compound pistil have each an erect style.
The fruit is a large and inflated capsule, growing from a compound ovary, and is composed of several united follicles, each containing numerous seeds. This is rather exceptional for a member of the buttercup family. The capsule becomes brown in late summer. The plant self-seeds, growing on the same spot year after year.
Properties & Uses
An essential oil distilled from the plant is used in perfumery and lipsticks. The seed contains about 43.5% fatty oil, consisting of 97% total fatty acids of which 30% is free fatty acid
It is native to southern Europe (but adventive in more northern countries of Europe), north Africa and southwest Asia, where it is found on neglected, damp patches of land.
it mainly contains alkaloid demascenine and essencial oils.