- Botanical: Rubus idaeus
- Family: Rosaceae
- Hits: 5664
Known asRed Raspberry, Raspberry, and Wild Raspberry, Himbeere
Old Useculinary; medicinal
Collection TimesJune to August
Parts Usedberries, fruit, leaves
Aromafruity, sweet, warm
Medicinalbleeding, bruises, circulation, colds, constipation, cramps, diarrhea, digestion, eye inflammation, fever, flu, gingivitis, hemorrhoids, immunity, infections, menstrual cramps, menstrual problems, rheumatism, sore throat, vascular, varicose veins, wounds
Heart & Circulationbleeding, hemorrhoids, varicose veins
Hormone & Sexual Organscramps, menstrual cramps, menstrual problems, uterine bleeding, uterine cramps
Infection & Inflammationeye inflammation, fever, flu, gingivitis, immunity, skin inflammation
Muscle & Jointsrheumatism
Respiratory Systemcough, sore throat
Stomach & Intestinalabdominal pain, diarrhea, digestion, gastrointestinal, gastric inflammation, intestinal inflammation
Skin & Hairabscess, bursitis
Propertiesanti inflammatory, astringent, diaphoretic, digestive, expectorant
The stems are erect and shrubby, biennial, with creeping perennial roots. Flowers: Royal purple or bluish pink, showy, fragrant, 1 to 2 in. broad, loosely clustered at top of stem. Calyx sticky-hairy, deeply 5-parted, with long, pointed tips; corolla of 5 rounded petals; stamens and pistils very numerous.
Stem: 8 to 5 ft. high, erect, branched, shrubby, bristly, not prickly.
Leaves: Alternate, peti-oled, 3 to 5 lobed, middle lobe largest, and all pointed; saw-edged lower leaves immense.
Fruit: A depressed red berry, scarcely edible.
Preferred Habitat: Rocky woods, dells, shady roadsides.
Flowering Season: June - August.
Properties & Uses
Antiemetic. The leaves and roots are anti-inflammatory, astringent, decongestant, ophthalmic, oxytocic and stimulant. A tea made from them is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, as a tonic for the uterus to strengthen pregnant women, and as an aid in childbirth. The tea has also been shown as effective in relieving painful menstrual cramps. The active ingredients both stimulate and relax the uterus.
They can be used during the last three months of pregnancy and during childbirth, but should not be used earlier. Externally, the leaves and roots are used as a gargle to treat tonsillitis and mouth inflammations, as a poultice and wash to treat sores, conjunctivitis, minor wounds, burns and varicose ulcers. The leaves are harvested in the summer and dried for later use. The fruit is antiscorbutic and diuretic.
Fresh raspberry juice, mixed with a little honey, makes an excellent refrigerant beverage to be taken in the heat of a fever. Made into a syrup, it is said to have a beneficial effect on the heart.
A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit. A fibre obtained from the stems is used in making paper. The stems are harvested in the summer after the fruit has been eaten, the leaves are removed and the stems are steamed until the fibres can be stripped. The fibres are cooked for 2 hours with lye and then hand beaten with mallets or ball milled for 3 hours. The paper is light brown in colour. A decongestant face-mask made from the fruit is used cosmetically to soothe reddened skin.
Europe, including Britain, from Iceland south and east to Spain and temperate Asia.
Flavonoids, tannins, and elagic acid.