- Botanical: Styrax benzoin
- Family: Styracaceae
- Hits: 3729
Known asstyrax, Benzoin, gum benjamin tree, loban, kemenyan, onycha, Siam benzoin, sumatra benzoin tree, Sumatra benzoin, Styrax tonkinensis, Benzoe, Storaxbaum
Old Useused in perfumes, certain types of incense, and medicines.
Parts Usedbark, resin
Medicinalantiseptic, bronchitis, bladder disease, bronchitis, coughs, infections, urinary infections, throat infections, pyelonephritis, pharyngitis
Hormone & Sexual Organsmenstruation promotion
Infection & Inflammationinfections, pyelonephritis, throat inflammation
Mind & Nervespain relief
Respiratory Systemasthma, bronchitis, colds, cough, pharyngitis, throat infections, tonsillitis
Stomach & Intestinalbladder disease
Skin & Hairdermatitis, erysipelas
Propertiesanesthetic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, carminative, expectorant
Large tropical tree up to 50 to 70 feet high, with pale green citrus-like leaves. It releases a balsamic resin when the trunk is cut. The resin hardens on exposure to air.
It is used externally in the form of a tincture, diluted with water as a mild stimulant and antiseptic in irritable conditions of the skin. It acts as a carminative when taken internally is rapidly absorbed, and mildly expectorant diuretic and antiseptic to the urinary passages. In the form of Compound Tincture of Benzoin, it is used as an inhalant with steam in laryngitis and bronchitis. It is a preservative of fats, and is used for that purpose in Adips Benzoatus.
Benzene and its derivatives, despite being highly aromatic, are toxic in nature. Therefore, ingestion or inhalation in excessive quantities can cause nausea, vomiting, headache, and lack of oxygen in the blood so it should be avoided.
Native to tropical Asia, the Benzoin is cultivated in Sumatra. It has been imported, and used for centuries by the Chinese.
Resin, essential oils, benzoic acid, vanillin
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